Down syndrome is a genetic condition that occurs when there is an extra copy of chromosome 21. While many people are familiar with Down syndrome, there are still many myths and misconceptions about the condition. Here are some common myths and facts about Down syndrome:
Myth: People with Down syndrome are always happy and affectionate.
Fact: While many people with Down syndrome are happy and affectionate, they are also individuals with a range of emotions and personalities, just like anyone else.
Myth: People with Down syndrome can’t learn or achieve much.
Fact: People with Down syndrome are capable of learning and achieving a great deal, with the right support and resources. Many people with Down syndrome graduate from high school, attend college, and have successful careers.
Myth: Down syndrome is a rare condition.
Fact: Down syndrome is actually one of the most common genetic conditions, affecting approximately 1 in 800 births in Malaysia.
Myth: Down syndrome is always inherited from a parent.
Fact: While Down syndrome can be inherited in some cases, the majority of cases are not inherited and occur randomly during the formation of reproductive cells.
Myth: People with Down syndrome all look the same.
Fact: While people with Down syndrome may share some physical characteristics, such as almond-shaped eyes and a flattened facial profile, there is a wide range of physical features among individuals with Down syndrome.
Myth: People with Down syndrome are always sickly and have many health problems.
Fact: While people with Down syndrome may be more susceptible to certain health issues, such as heart defects and respiratory infections, with appropriate medical care and support, they can lead healthy and active lives.
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National Down Syndrome Society. (n.d.). Myths and Truths. Retrieved from https://www.ndss.org/down-syndrome-down-syndrome-myths-truths/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, February 16). Facts About Down Syndrome. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/downsyndrome.html